Crime is something done illegally underestimating the law and order. Nowadays new branches of crime are emerging. One of its most dangerous branch is Cyber Crime or Internet Crime.
The crime involving a computer and a network can be very well called Cyber Crime. For this malicious purpose, a computer may is used or is the target.
This type of crime includes and is not only limited to identity theft, threatening a nation’s security, copyright infringement and pornography but it’s even more than that. These crimes have become a threat to individual and collective privacy; where confidential data, individual’s identity, personal data such as photos and videos etc. is stolen or intercepted by the attacker.
Nearly 90% of all the computers are affected by spyware– virtually everyone with an internet connection. So here are certain measures of how to protect your personal information and stay safe online.
- Use Safe Antivirus Programs: The first and the foremost step to be secured online is to have safe antivirus, anti-malware and anti-spyware programs installed which would automatically assist your computer in prevention against attackers.
- Turn On Firewall: Antivirus programs are not enough to ensure your online safety. Therefore, besides it one should turn on two-way firewall too in his/her computer.
- Download Safely: Free programs or softwares which are available on different sites on the internet to download are often said to have sneaky spyware in it. So before downloading any sort of freeware, do read all of its end-user license agreements and privacy statements.
- Avoid Reusing The Same Password: The next step for online safety is to avoid using the same password for multiple accounts. Some people habitual of using the same password for all of their accounts whether it’s Facebook, Gmail, Twitter, etc. so that they might not forget it. But it is extremely dangerous as attackers can easily crack through all of the accounts at a time with one password. So avoid using the same password.
- Use Extremely Hard Passwords: The next step to safety is to have a password for accounts which is hard enough that it can’t be cracked by any hacker/ attacker. People often use their birthdays as their passwords like 12feb1990 or 12021990, attackers can easily hack these types of passwords. Instead of using such sort of passwords, one can use something like a#1g&2a1-#@/.×. This may seem hard to remember but you can always pen it down somewhere. Such passwords also provide a good resistance towards hackers.
- Avoid Pop-ups: Pop-ups often appear while working or surfing on the internet but never click on “agree” or the “OK” button as they might trigger any harmful spyware which may affect the privacy.
- Update Software Regularly: The next step is to update your software regularly, so that the windows may have all the latest security system updates to provide resistance to the attackers.
- Beware of Spam E-mail Attachments: One should beware of the attachments in the mail sent by any unknown sender as it might contain any sort of spyware programme which can exploit the privacy and can steal information. Use extreme caution even if the attachment is sent by a safe person, as identity information can be easily spoofed.
- Avoid Storing Card Details On Sites: One should avoid storing his/her card details on websites as they are prone to the attack of hackers. You may even go bankrupt if the details fall in the wrong hands. Therefore, you must avoid storing card details on any sites.
- Be Aware About Scams: Being aware about the latest scams helps an individual to dodge online fraud or any sort of online criminal activity. Remember, being ignorant of law is no excuse!
- Change Passwords Regularly: To secure his/her accounts, one must update their passwords from time-to-time. Changing passwords is really an effective way to keep the attackers away, provided that the password is changed at a regular interval of time, must be strong enough and includes special characters, upper and lower case letters and numbers.