Simultaneously, we proudly say, ‘We live in a democratic country but people on the other side also talk about reservation.’ Today, Reservation is a concerning topic in India. All of us are equal, right, but have you ever felt that equality in terms of seats reservation?
Firstly, there is a need to know what’s reservation is and for what purpose it is introduced in India? To know the whole idea behind the ‘system of reservation,’ we need to know the history of it.
In India reservation was initiated by British People under their regime, they also brought Quota System and division on the basis of Caste and Religion. However, they did so to safeguard their rule in India. They introduced caste system on the basis of people’s occupation like teaching and preaching (Brahmins), kingship and war (Kshatriya) and lastly business (Vaish). In year 1882, Mahatma Jyotirao Phule was the one who made the demand of free education for all along with proportionate reservation in government jobs because it was in demand before independence itself and the British People were fairly educated and to educate Indians became necessary as they were troubling our people on certain issues.
In the year 1902, Chatrapati Sahuji Maharaj, Maharaja of Kolhapur in Maharashtra has introduced reservation in favour of backward classes to eradicate poverty and give them a chance to participate in the state administration. When British People left they handed over the India to such people who changed nothing what was started by British, Indian leaders and politicians kept doing same things, ruling India with the same rule and principles of British King. Under British regime India got many good and bad things such as Railways.
Early, there were some particular caste and shortly it has divided different sections of society into OBCs, ST/SC and some new comers in this section are Christians, Kashmiris, Jats,Tribals, etc. Currently, as per govt. policy, 15% of the govt. Jobs and 15% of the students admitted to universities must be from Scheduled castes and for Scheduled tribes there is reservation of about 7.5%. Other than this, the state govt. also follows own reservation policies respectively. So nearly 50% seats are reserved and 50% is left for the entire General.
Do you think, reservation has ruined education and job system in India?
Today, when we apply for an admission in any university there we have to explicitly state our identity, whether you belong to General, OBC or ST/SC? How does it matter which category you belong to, what should matter is merit. A category can’t decide whether you’re eligible for an admission or not. There many economically worse off students belonging to the forward classes but they cannot get the fruits of such reservation merely by virtue of belonging to the ‘General’ category. Sometimes the student belonging to the backward classes do not even deserve and still possess the necessary merit as against a student who studied very hard for months to get a seat, thereby snatching away that seat just because he comes from a particular religion or caste for which our govt. provides reservation.
My opinion on this issue is ‘Reservation’ should be purely made on the basis of economical conditions of the applicant and nothing else. The kind of reservation policy that our govt. currently follows does nothing but divide the society into different sections. It is also creating and difference amongst the people. By reserving one category against another creates a feeling of division which is now resulting in turmoil within every small section of the society.