History plays a very vital part in our lives. From the study of history, we get to know about our past, what all incidents have taken place, who ruled over the lands and everything old. Moreover ancient architecture included that type of designs which we cannot see in today’s world. From all of the countries, India boasts of a humongous number of ancient monuments. All of the kings who have ruled in the past had built monuments but one dynasty had acquired special powers. Whether it was battle or architecture they were great in all aspects. They were the Mighty Mughals. A large number of Mughal buildings were found in the Agra district of Uttar Pradesh. Agra was once made the capital in the reign of the Mughal emperor, Akbar himself but later it was shifted to Delhi. Actually, Agra is situated on the banks of river Yamuna. It was established in 1475 by Raja Badal Singh.
Agra is known as the City of Love or the City of Taj but besides Taj Mahal, there were many other monuments and places where you can have a visit. Some of them are:
The Agra Fort
The magnificent Agra Fort was built by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1565-73 on the western bank of the river Yamuna at a cost of 35 lakh rupees at that time. It is semi-circular in space and has the circuit of about two and a half km. and 20-metre high masonry walls, which are said to be so solid that even a strand of hair cannot find its way into the joints!
Tomb of I’timād-ul-Daulah
Situated nearly a kilometre ahead of the North of Agra Fort, on the banks of river Yamuna, I’timād-ul-Daulah’s tomb was the first example in India of inlaid work in a style derived from Persian mosaics and also the first of all the marble buildings in Agra. It is also enclosed with a beautiful and spacious garden. This tomb was a tribute to Giyasuddin (father) by Noor Jahan. In the centre of the hall lies the graves of I’timād-ul-Daulah and his wife and in the surrounding chambers are the graves of other family members.
Sikandra- Emperor Akbar’s Tomb
Akbar himself had chosen this site for his own tomb and started building it. The truncated pyramidal tomb is set in a square garden. The decorative gateway with bold inlay work has four marble minarets. Akbar’s 5 storey tomb was built of red sandstone inlaid with white, lies in the centre of the garden.
Built in the style of a Buddhist Vihara, Panch Mahal is really a sight to see. This five storeyed building has 84 pillars at the ground floor and only four pillars at the top. All these pillars are different from each other. To get relief from the heat of summer, this building is gradually narrowed towards the top, so that there is enough breeze and passage for the circulation of air. The entire structure was also used by Akbar for recreation with his wives.
Mehtab Bagh was the last of eleven gardens built by the Mughals along the river side of Yamuna. It is said that once the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan had identified a site from a crescent shaped, grassy flood-plain across the river Yamuna as the ideal place for viewing the Taj Mahal, it was then created as a moonlight pleasure garden, now which is known to all of us by the name of Mehtab Bagh.