The title of the hottest place is a little debated between Lut Desert, Iran and Al Aziza, Libya and shifts from year to year. But actually, the title belongs to Lut Desert as discovered later, the reason for its controversy in earlier days was because the climatic conditions are harsh, and the area is remote which restricts proper evaluation of the year. The temperature is almost 159F (70.7C). This region covers an area of 480km and is called Gandom Beriyan (the toasted wheat).
The title of the Worlds coldest place belongs to Oymyakon in Russia. It is a rural locality along the Indigirka River which is permanently inhabited. The lowest temperature ever recorded in the region was -96.2F (-71.2 Celsius) in the year 1924. The region has never experienced above freezing temperatures between the months of 25 October and 17 March.
Most Densely Populated:
Monaco in Southern Europe is the most densely populated region in the World. It has an area of 2.02 square kilometre with a population of 37,800 people. Along with being the densely populated region, it is also the second smallest region in the world.
Most Sparsely Populated:
The most sparsely populated region of the World is Greenland, which belongs to the Kingdom of Denmark. It has a density of 0.03 kilometre per square kilometre and a home to nearly 56,000 inhabitants. Most of it covered with ice and the people live on its western coast where lack of glaciers have to lead to the rocky coast.
The deepest part of the World Ocean is the Mariana Trench, which is located in western Pacific Ocean. It is 2550 kilometres long and about 69 kilometres wide. It reaches a maximum-known the depth of 10,994 meters. Some reports suggest the growth of microbial lifeforms within the Trench.
Mt. Chimborazo with an elevation of 6263.47m (20,549ft.) has the highest peak near the equator. It is not the highest mountain in the World but its location along the equatorial bulge makes it farthest point on the Earth’s surface from the Earth’s centre.
Dry Valleys of Antarctica are the driest place on Earth with average zero rainfall. The area has no moisture, snow or ice. The unique conditions are a result of katabatic winds which occur when the cold dense air is pulled downhill by the force of gravity, and they heat up as they descend and evaporate all moisture. This region is actively studied by scientists to know more about the red planet as the conditions seem similar to that of Mars.
Masynram is the region in the Meghalaya state of north-eastern India, which receives the annual maximum rainfall. The average rainfall in the region is nearly 11,872 mm and also carries a world record of receiving 26,000 mm of rainfall in the year 1985.