Most people believe that we would have been very strong economically, if we had never agreed to trade with the Britishers. The fact is that Britishers inflicted unemployment, famines and other atrocities upon India. But like the two sides of a coin, there are always strong two viewpoints in every discussion. Though the British destroyed the essence of India, it also made India strong enough to attain new heights by bringing in new reforms, technologies, and modernization. This was the foundation of a new and sturdy nation.
Before British came to India
Before the British came, there was no idea of an Indian nationality and India was divided by many kings, some had large empires while some ruled just one city, but the people were living peacefully. Muslims ruled India for a long time and India was flourishing during their rule and flourished even more when the Mughal family came to rule it.
British came and Ruined Our Economy
Things changed after the British came and the saying “divide and conquer” effect began in order to take its control from the ruling family to themselves. And only after the British came to India, we have seen 500 princely states fighting with each other. We have also seen how the kings and landlords started sucking the blood out of the common man due to the lacking systems of democracy, governance, law and justice.
We have always heard people saying that British ruined our wealth and resources but if they had not come to our country, it wouldn’t have been even developed till now. British rule has definitely brought good influence in India’s development. India would have never been united if British didn’t rule. Without the Britishers, Mumbai wouldn’t have become the economic and financial capital of India. Delhi would not have been turned into New Delhi. They not only introduced railway infrastructure, airways, and English education but their contributions to India also include the largest metropolitan cities, the armed forces, the civil services, modern education and much more that keeps this nation united.
Development of Education System in India during British rule
The British introduced the Macaulay system of education and built hundreds of new schools, universities, and colleges for the higher education of the Indian population. They did it for the Indians and not for themselves. Much of the independence movement was trained to British ideals, and these forward-thinking ideas were set up by the British and germinated in the Indian university campuses. They also introduced Indians with western knowledge and spread the western culture. But with western culture, Indians also learned about democracy and nationalism. The ideas of liberty and freedom spread and people were able to recognize the oppression that they were under and raise their voices. Thus, because of the Britishers, India is now the second largest English speaking nation and it has carved out a reputed position in the world.
Introduced Railway Service
The Britishers, as opposed to spoiling all the local resources and leaving nothing behind, ignoring the locals, and killing the intelligentsia, have actually tried to establish a greater and more prosperous British Empire, unlike the other colonizers. The British laid the foundations of the first passenger train from Mumbai to Thane on 16 April 1853. But the fact remains that railways were made to ship out the raw materials from India to Britain and sell it back to India with higher costs. They constructed 70,000 miles of concrete road and 40,000 miles of railroads. Transportation had never been so cheap, fast and easy in India. We have seen new and never seen technologies like electricity and air transport during their rule. India got developed, left behind the medieval age and rushed into a new technologically advanced nation. In the year 2015, Indian Railways is the largest rail network in Asia and offers employment to millions of people. We can’t imagine India without railways and roads.
Indians Cherish even today
British rule has also brought Cricket in India and it is certainly the only thing which has the power to bring together the entire nation. India would have probably lacked tea plantations without the British rule because they were the one to import tea from China to India.
The first consequence was that Pakistan got themselves separated from India, and Bangladesh followed the same thing. The reason is that the British only thought of having more area added to their empire and did not come to help any human being except for the ones that served them. They only wanted to contain all its wealth. Do you know? One of the most valuable diamonds (Koh-i-Noor) in the world was originally from India and it is now in England!
Eradicating ‘Sati’ Systems and Abolishing ‘Thugs’
“The indisputable fact is that India as a nation, as it stands today, was originally put together and created by a small, distant island country. It is important to note that there is a substantial list on the credit side.They include railways, roads, canals, mines, sewers, plantations and the establishment of English law and language. Great cities including Bombay, Calcutta and Madras were built and some of the finest universities and museums in India were founded. The first definitive atlas of India was drawn and there were great social reforms, such as the eradication of violent highway robbery, the banning of the custom of Sati (the burning of widows on the husband’s funeral pyre) and female infanticide. Perhaps most innovative of all was the bringing together of several different states into one unified India. The 200-year window of British governance was perhaps the only period in a thousand years of Indian history to date when the minorities and people of different religions felt more secure and less discriminated against, with a notable absence of killings, conflicts, and persecutions. Although there were wrongs committed by the British against India, as widely recognized by the British themselves, there was much more that was and remains positive. The sheer audacity and scale of such an endeavor, the courage and enterprise have no parallel in world history,” says Dr. Kartar Lalvani, founder of the vitamins company Vitabiotics.
Some facts every Indian should be aware of
Caste discrimination still continues, women do not get their rights, female foeticide still remains. It is true that Indians were never treated as equals by the British, but it equally true that they were treated at least better than the caste system treated them. British have also put an end to barbaric practices like Sati. Initially, India was exploited and pillaged by the British Empire but the truth is also that the British neither had enough resources to control India nor good control on Indians. The British wouldn’t have left India if India was a huge financial asset to Britain. And if they had stayed, they would’ve continued to take India on the path of modernization. They left India with the slightest appearance of modern law, primary and higher education, industrialization, and modern medicine.
Would India be better off if it was still under British control
While many people still feel that India would have been worse off under the British, be careful not to forget the positive impacts that they had on the Indian nation. But it is also being agreed that it wouldn’t have been better if British have still ruled us because they were systematically looting India, milking out its resources and wealth and also because they never considered Indians as equals but considered them to be their slaves and laborers.
If India was still being ruled by the Britishers, there would have surely been much better infrastructure but it was possible that most of the Indians would have either died in the wars of other countries or would have continued to be slaves of the Britishers living in India. And most of our useful resources which still exist in India would have been looted.