The word TOURISM is familiar to almost all of us. It generally means ” TRAVEL FOR ONES OWN PLEASURE.” Thus, it helps us to learn and discover new things. It is something one do for the fulfillment of ones own thought. It is not only concerned with traveling or going to new places but something beyond that. It is a huge subject and has varied branches. One of its nicest branch is ECOTOURISM .
Ecotourism is an addition to Tourism. It has more advantages than that of sustainable tourism.
- What is Ecotourism
Ecotourism is that form of tourism which involves visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small scale alternative to standard commercial (mass) tourism.
- Purpose of Ecotourism
Its purpose may be is to educate the traveler or visitor visiting or travelling about numerous unknown facts of the nature, to provide funds for the purpose of ecological conservation, to directly benefit the development of economic and political empowerment of locales, or to foster respect for different varieties of cultures and for human rights.
- Whom does Ecotourism concern
It is concerned with the living organs of the natural environment. It does not involve travelling randomly at any place. Instead it involves travelling to places where flora and fauna forms primary attraction besides the cultural heritage. Its perspective is generally on nature that’s why it shows tourists the impact that human beings are having on the nature and its resources.
- What does a responsible Ecotourism programs include
–> Minimization of the negative aspects of conventional tourism on the environment,
–> Enhancement the cultural integrity of the locales,
–> Promotion of the process of recycling,
-> Efficiency of energy,
-> Water conservation, and
-> Creation of economic opportunities for its local communities.
5. Demerits of Ecotourism
It is said that if any subject besides having merits is liable to have some drawbacks or demerits also. Same is the case with ecotourism too, besides having variety of advantages it has some of its own disadvantages too. Conversion of undeveloped land into profitable space for tourism. National parks and wilderness areas may be compromised by an influx of tourists visiting there. It is the major threat to the rich bio diversity and wilds living in the he jungles.
Ecotourism itself is the biggest obstacle in the way of environmental development.
Thus, In conclusion, Ecotourism is an aspect that incorporates tourism but is specific in nature. There are limitless similarities that exist between ecotourism and tourism such as sustainability, nature being at the forefront in both and an offer to interact with the pristine natural environment. There are also significant differences that exist between them from the educational perspective, the natural environment to the levels of interactions. However, the impact of both tourism and ecotourism on the environment as well the changes in people’s attitudes is worth noting. The functional responsibility of both eco-tourists, soft and hard, and tourist plays a fundamental role in achieving the ultimate goals of both concepts.