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Commonly Abused Prescription Drugs

Commonly Abused Prescription Drugs 4

Prescription drugs are not made in shady garages, but they can be just as dangerous as drugs which are made there. People get easy access to these drugs and hence, the popularity. These drugs cause addiction if taken at a higher dosage than recommended. Some take them without the recommendation of the doctor for various reasons, mostly getting high. This addiction knows no age; it can happen to anyone. It’s most common among teenagers.

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Here’s a list of the most common prescribed drugs:

  • Stimulants

Medical use- Prescribed for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. A temporary increase in alertness, attention, energy.

Commonly used drugs-  Ritalin, Concerta, Adderall.

Mostly used by school students to get high or increase their ability to work more, being more alert and attentive. 

Potential negative effects- Increased heart rate, blood pressure, metabolism, heart rate and respiration. Nervousness, insomnia, stroke, heart attack, seizures, hostility, paranoia.

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  • Opioids 

Medical use- Prescribed to provide pain relief.

Commonly used drugs- OxyContin, Vicodin, Percodan.

Excellent as a medicine but can be dangerous when abused. 

Potential negative effects- sedation, dizziness, confusion, weakness, lowered blood pressure, unconsciousness, itching, dry mouth, coma, death.

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  • Depressants 

Medical use- Prescribed for anxiety, panic attacks, sleep disorders.

Commonly used drugs- Xanax, Valium.

Used to reduce anxiety and calm people. They work by slowing the Central Nervous System. 

Potential negative effects- Dizziness, irritability, slurred speech, poor concentration, slowed respiration, lowered blood pressure, death.

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  • Erectile Dysfunction Drugs

Medical use- Prescribed to enhance sexual performance.

Commonly used drugs- Viagra, Cialis, Levitra.

Potential negative effects- These drugs take away the person’s ability to think properly. This leads to unprotected sex which in turn leads to sexually transmitted diseases. Severe nosebleeds are common too.

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  • Steroids 

Medical use- Prescribed for delayed puberty.

Synthetic testosterone made in labs injected by people to improve one’s appearance or improve athletic performance.  

Potential negative effects- 

  • Liver tumor, high blood pressure, cancer jaundice.
  • The testosterone makes the person aggressive and violent.
  • Can make one vulnerable to behavioral problems.
  • Erythropoietin is abused to boost the production of red blood cells. Stopping the drug results in the sudden drop of red blood cells.
  • In adolescents, growth stops prematurely when drugs are abused.

Monimoyee Chakrabarty

Written by Monimoyee Chakrabarty

Just another random potato.

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