A very surprising and revolutionary news regarding Chinese policy has flown around the world on Thursday, 29th of October. Government of the most populous country worldwide is going to change the famous and probably one of the most controversial law in the modern history of politics. China, in fact, has still the highest number of population in the world, although last thirty years India has been nearing.
- Thirty years of unborn children.
In 1979 the government of China decided for a revolutionary solution for the problem of the rapid growth of its population; the one-child policy. Since the beginning it represented an undeniable invasion of the private lives of Chinese citizens and several international organizations, especially the human and woman rights were loudly protesting against this policy. “Thanks to this limitation, according to the statistics and estimates, there have been over 400 million unborn children,” BBC news wrote.
Since 2013, although some of the regions have been slowly getting tolerant to those who decided to have a second child. Whereas in others, the couples breaking this law had been severely punished; from paying the fees till forced abortions and sterilization, BBC news reported. The families who wished for a second child had to pay thousands of dollars.
- Disproportions in gender and age.
Despite these regulations, in the rural areas it was permitted to have two children but just if the first one was a girl. Very often the Chinese citizens were used to give a precedence to have boys rather than girls. According to the Chinese statistics, from the end of 2014, there were 701 million men and 667 million women. This demonstrates a significant difference leading to economic instability.
There are more reasons for the end of this policy. The most indicative are the consequences of this law in the economic environment. China, nowadays, has unequal rate between the productive people and pensioners, that can be vital to maintain the massive economy. The goal of slowing down of restrictions is to increase young and productive workforce as well as to foster the return of a general gender balance.
- Chinese economy is changing to go forward to modernization.
As Christine Lagarde, Managing director of International Monetary Fund said on CNN that the impact of workforce will take time because of the rising and the education of children. However, this can be a very important step forward. The Chinese economy is nowadays changing from the manufacturing orientation to service orientation, from being export-driven to being focused on domestic sector, said Lagarde.
One question still remains: will urban couples be able to have a second child while the living costs in the big cities are so high? This is the demand that can influence the direction of the changes, but the answer will be probably found out in the upcoming years.
- India will overtake China in few years.
Communist party introduced the five years plan and their growth target in the case of population. According to the United Nations estimates, in about five years India will overtake China and it will become the most populated country in the world. It is suggested that India in probably about 2050, will approach the 2 billion line while China in the same time will suffer a rapid decrease of its population. Furthermore, approximately in 2100, China will get closer to Nigeria in the population ranking!