The Father of Nation, Mahatma Gandhi was a generous person. He knew what to speak, how to speak and whom to speak. He was confident about himself and his intentions. He had immense patience and his strategies threatened every Britisher.
Here is a list of points, which prove that Gandhiji was not only a father of nation but a great leader:
- Good Home work:
Before starting any agitation or Satyagraha, Mahatma Gandhi used to do thorough study of the issue. This gave him the right platform and he was able to point the issues swiftly and efficiently. In spite of organizing successful Satyagrahas in South Africa, when Gandhi landed in India, he was not overconfident. He was patient and researched India for 2 years. This research gave him the fodder to strategize the agitation and Satyagraha.
- Strength and weakness:
He knew both, the strength as well as the weakness of the people. He could very well predict that whether an agitation would make any difference to the Britishers or to the Indian community. He knew that the strength of Indian community was unity and its large population whereas the weakness lied in poverty, illiteracy and unemployment.
- Emotional Touch:
He worked hard to remove untouchability by staying within the public domain. This gave him emotional support of the public. This emotional support was utilized in his agitations and Satyagrahas.
- Policy of Agitation/Satyagraha:
His policy was S-T-S. Struggle Truce Struggle. He knew exactly, for how long the agitation can be effective and when he found that Indian public cannot withstand the challenging force of Britishers, he smartly winded up the agitation. Examples are non cooperation movement, Civil Disobedience Movement etc.
- Non Violent Approach:
Majority of India’s population were peasants. They did not have any experience of fighting the mighty Britain. Also, the Britishers were technically more powerful as they had organized army culture. Hence, it was impossible to think that Indians can fight Britishers out of their homeland. But Gandhiji believed that non-violence was the only weapon that could drive Britishers away.
- Timing of agitation:
Gandhiji took advantage of the international political scenario. During the World War One and World War Two he carried out two agitations, namely, Non Cooperation movement, which started when the first world war was about to end in 1919 and Quit India Movement in 1940’s. Both the agitation were commenced during that time when Britain was drained and short of financial resources. These agitation further fueled their burning homes.
- Stage wise approach:
He started to take up issues at local level and experimented with his own ways. For example the Champaren satyagrah, Kheda satyagrah, Ahmedabad satyagrah were local issues. Even though he was very successful in South Africa, he did not take Britishers lightly. He knew the policy of Britishers but he also wanted to know the approach of the Indian community. Hence he initiated slowly and steadily which gave fruitful results.
Even after so much hard work and brain storming he was courageous. He took bold decisions which helped India a lot. Every freedom fighter had different approach but every approach lead to the same destination. Irony is we keep on fighting on social media about Gandhi and violent revolutionaries, whereas the fact is that both of them respected each other. Then who are we to criticize them?
Happy International Non Violence day.
May Gandhi rise in each and every soul and may we learn to respect other’s opinion.